Arbeit, Demografie, Weltwirtschaft

Egyptian, Afghan, and Serbian diaspora communities in Germany: How do they contribute to their country of origin?

29.01.2007 | HWWI Research Paper | von Tatjana Baraulina, Michael Bommes, Heike Daume, Tanja El-Cherkeh, Florin Vadean

In recent academic and political discussions, the contribution of Diaspora communities to development in their countries of origin has been recognised. There is, however, a considerable need for knowledge about (a) the types and patterns of economic, social and cultural transfer between the Diaspora and the countries of origin, (b) the social, economic and political conditions for the establishment or the obstruction of such transfers, as well as (c) the requirements of policies that attempt to constructively support such efforts and exploit them for developmental policy objectives. Considering the example of the Afghan, Egyptian and Serbian Diaspora communities in Germany, the goal of this pilot study is to develop and test an explorative research heuristic that measures the dimensions relevant for investigating that contribution. This report primarily offers empirical, exemplary (not representative) insights into this issue. This study was carried out by the Institute for Migration Research and Intercultural Studies (IMIS) of the University of Osnabrück, together with the Migration Research Group (MRG) of the Hamburgische Welt-Wirtschafts-Archiv (HWWA) as well as the Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI). It primarily relies on about 80 guiding interviews, conducted in numerous cities in Germany with “key figures” of the three communities. Some of the interviews were also carried out in Belgrade, Serbia as well as Cairo, Egypt. (Given budgetary limitations and security concerns, no interviews were carried out in Afghanistan.) In addition, the study is based on the evaluation both of academic research and of diverse documents from national bodies and international organisations.


Prof. Dr. Michael Bommes